Latest data shows drowning remains leading cause of unintentional death for children ages 1-4
WASHINGTON, D.C. – New reports released today from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) reveals that nearly 400 pool and spa drownings occur each year in the United States that involve children younger than 15 years old, with more than 75 percent involving children younger than 5. Government data also indicate that the majority of the fatalities involving children younger than 15 occurred at a residence, while residential locations also dominated incidents involving victims younger than 5 (50 percent for injuries and 85 percent for fatalities).
“Drowning remains the leading cause of accidental death for children between the ages of 1 and 4,” said Acting CPSC Chairman Robert Adler. “Most of these incidents happen at home, and all of these tragedies are preventable. I urge all parents and caregivers to teach children to swim or sign them up for swim classes, put a fence around all pools, and always watch children in and around the water.”
“Summer is a terrific time to learn how to swim — for both adults and children — and I am pleased to support the CPSC’s efforts to promote pool safety,” said Katie Ledecky, Olympic gold medalist and World Record Holder. “This summer, I encourage all parents to find ways to teach their children how to swim and to be safe in and around the water. Swimming is not only a lifelong and fun sport, but also an important survival skill.”
With these important tips in mind, CPSC’s Pool Safely campaign has launched the Pool Safely Pledge, a checklist that adults can use to commit to a safe swim season. Specifically, the pledge calls for adults to:
- Designate a water watcher every single time children in their care are in or near the water;
- Make sure kids in their care know how to swim;
- Learn CPR; and
- Ensure that all pools have a proper fence, gate, and safe drain covers.
In addition to the adults’ pledge, CPSC has issued a Pool Safely pledge for children so that children can be involved in their own water safety. The kids’ pledge states that they will never swim alone, will ask their parents to sign them up for swimming lessons, and promise to stay away from drains in pools and hot tubs.
Memorial Day weekend represents the traditional start of the summer swim season, and once again, the Pool Safely campaign is focusing on populations most at risk of drowning:
- Children between the ages of 1 and 3 represent 67 percent of reported fatalities and 64 percent of injuries, according to CPSC.
- African American children between the ages of 5 and 19 are 5.5 times more likely to drown in pools than white children that age, according to the latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- The disparity in swimming ability is greatest at 11−12 years; at these ages, African American children drown in pools at 10 times the rate of white children, according to the CDC.
CPSC’s 2014 Pool and Spa Submersions: Estimated Injuries and Reported Fatalities Report shows annual averages of:
- 390 pool- or spa-related drownings for children younger than 15, with 76 percent (296) of the victims being younger than 5;
- 4,900 pool- or spa-related emergency department-treated submersion injuries for children younger than 15, with 78 percent (4,000) of the injured being younger than 5.
- Residential locations dominated incidents involving victims younger than 5 years old; 85 percent of the fatalities occurred at residential pools or spas. About 47 percent of the injuries and 74 percent of the fatalities involving children younger than 15 years occurred at a residence.
- Of the reported pool fatalities for children younger than age 15, about 60 percent (226) occurred in in-ground pools; 17 percent of pool fatalities occurred in aboveground pools, and nearly 10 percent (35) of reported pool fatalities occurred in portable pools.
CPSC can once again report that there have been no known entrapment-related fatalities since the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act went into effect in December 2008. CPSC received only two reports of entrapment injury incidents during 2013. For the complete reports on entrapment-related fatalities see: Pool and Spa Submersions 2014 (pdf) and Circulation/Suction Entrapments 2014 (pdf). The years for reported injury and fatality statistics differ due to a lag in fatality reporting.